Did you know that Posole has it's origins in Old Mexico, where corn was originally cultivated into the crop it is now? Did you know that if corn had not been developed by the Mexicans, the world population would be sizably less--some say almost half what it is now? Corn feeds the world. It will grow everywhere--in all kinds of climates and various soil conditions.
The ancients of Asian background who initially settled in Mexico, noted after the asteroid hit the earth, that there was a simple grass like green bladed plant. They recognized that it was very similar to rice with which they were familiar. When they started cultivating it, the plants developed an edible product, a cob with kernels on it. As they continued development, it became a very popular foodstuff.
Believing in astrology and that only every seven years could they depend on having a successful crop; led them to experiment with ways to preserve the corn. This challenge eventually led to posole. What happened is that they discovered that if they stored the corn in the coral caves dotting the landscape in Southern Mexico, the corn did not rot or get infested with vermin. This in turn led to packing the limestone and grinding it and taking the limestone where the people were--all over the middle and southern parts of Mexico.
It was very difficult to take the limestone to the northern parts of Mexico., as it was too far. So, they found that when they burned the pinon tree wood, which burns down to a complete and total whitish ash, that they could store the corn sprinkled with the ashes and it accomplished the same purpose as the limestone--preserving the corn. That in turn, came to the development of blue corn which does not look dirty when stored in the blue-grey ashes which in turn led to deifying the blue corn. And that led to each of New Mexico's Pueblos creating their very own variety of blue corn--not to be shared. Also, there was no impetus to work on developing the corn to create greater crops, which lead to the incredible shortage of blue corn; hence the more costly prices.
As an aside, it is very interesting to note that corn is very healthy, having all the essential minerals, vitamins and amino acids for healthy living. except Lysine, an essential amino acid. In white, yellow and all colors of corn except blue corn, Lysineis not present in a readable form for the human stomach. Blue corn is the only exception. The human stomach can read the Lysine in blue corn. That probably explains why the Ancients revered it so.
With corn being their life-line to keeping alive, religious significance resulted--with the Corn Goddess being a very popular idol. And, as a result the dish, Posole, became a very important food for life. The Curanderos in Mexico (women who practice ancient medical cures) always give Posole to people who are infirm or sick.
In Mexico, they serve Posole with garnishes of fresh lime wedges, cilantro leaves, shredded cabbage and thinly sliced radishes and sometimes avocado pieces. Try it. Posole is wonderful that way. Their favorite way of cooking posole is with well browned cubes of pork shoulder. I am attaching that recipe.
So, you can see why there is such a reverence for Posole--for eons it has fed the population and kept them well. Posole and Tamales (which are made with ground Posole) are both considered very important and are popular for Christmas celebrations, New Years, birthdays and all kinds of feast days. One pound of posole, once cooked with the pork, will feed up to 15 people, a great economy as well. And it is healthy, no wonder it is filled with many blessings!
We always prepare Posole in our Holiday classes, weekend and week long classes. All of our classes listed on our website at www.janebutelcooking.com are on a special discount until Christmas Eve, as are our products, also on our website, which have not been increased for several years ( amounting to a discount).
We are placing our Posole on a 10% discount until next Sunday. One note, our Posole is more flavorful and nutritious, than the commonly sold wet Posole, because it is made the old fashioned way of soaking the corn kernels in lime-water and then drying them, so that the nutrition and flavor soaks back into the kernels... rather than selling the corn kernels while still wet, not allowing the flavor and nutrition to dry into the corn.
Here is our Posole recipe.
You may serve this either as a side dish or main dish. I like to layer toppings such as fresh shredded cabbage, fresh lime wedges, avocado cubes and cilantro sprigs.
Yield: 15 to 16 servings
1 pound dried posole
1 quart water, or more
2 pounds pork, steak or roast, cut into ½” cubes
1 Tablespoon salt or to taste
2 garlic cloves, minced
pinch of Mexican oregano
1 Tablespoon cumin, or to taste
¼ cup caribe chile or to taste
1. Simmer the posole in unseasoned water until it becomes soft and the kernels have burst open; it usually requires 1-1/2 to 2 hours. Stir occasionally and make sure the water level is at least an inch above THE kernels.
2. Brown the pork cubes in a cold, well-seasoned frying pan; adding no fat or oil to the pan. Saute until very browned, then add to the posole. Deglaze the frying pan with 1 cup water, stirring to loosen the brownies sticking to the pan. Also add this liquid to the posole.
3. Add remaining ingredients, using one-half the cumin and cook the stew for 1 or more hours, to blend the flavors. Just before serving, add the remaining half of cumin. Taste and adjust the seasonings. Ideally, this dish should be started the morning before it is to be served, to allow the flavors to develop.
Notes: In Old Mexico the following toppings are often served and posole is a main dish:
2 cups thinly shredded fresh cabbage
2 limes, cut into wedges
1 avocado, pitted, peeled and cut into cubes
1 bunch cilantro sprigs
In Mexico, posole is often spelled with a instead of an s.
This recipe is reprinted with permission from Jane Butel's Chili Madness, 2nd edition.